First-semester GPA a better predictor of college success than ACT score

first_imgUnderrepresented students’ first-semester GPA may be a better predictor of whether they’ll graduate college than their ACT score or their family’s socioeconomic status, a new study found.Researchers at the University of Illinois tracked the academic achievement and degree status of more than 1,900 U. of I. freshmen across a six-year period, beginning when the students first enrolled at the university in 2005 or 2006. The sample was selected to focus on students who were low-income, attended underresourced high schools and/or were historically underrepresented based on race or geography, and who could have completed an undergraduate program within six years.The researchers examined the impact of individual characteristics such as race and gender, along with factors such as the academic units and majors freshmen were enrolled in during their first semester on campus. Pinterest LinkedIn Share on Facebook Share on Twittercenter_img Email Share Of the 69 percent of students who earned diplomas within six years, the researchers found that the composite ACT scores of students who graduated and those who dropped out were nearly identical – 24.5 and 24.1 points, respectively.Racial minorities, who constituted 93 percent of the sample, graduated at higher rates than did the white students who were low-income or from underrepresented counties within Illinois, according to the paper, published in the Journal of College Student Retention: Research, Theory and Practice.The freshmen who persisted to graduation had significantly higher first-semester GPAs – 2.84 versus 2.20, respectively – compared with peers who left without earning a degree, according to principal investigator Susan Gershenfeld, who conducted the research while earning a doctorate in social work at the U. of I.Gershenfeld also is the former director of the university’s Illinois Promise program, a scholarship program that covers all of the educational costs – including tuition, books and living expenses – for the most disadvantaged in-state students.“The goal of the research was to help us better understand why some students are not successful, even when some of their financial barriers to college access are removed,” said co-author Denice Ward Hood, a professor of education policy, organization and leadership at Illinois.In the sample, about 44 percent of the students who enrolled in 2005 and nearly 46 percent of those who enrolled in 2006 received federal Pell Grants.Most of the students also were eligible for Illinois Promise and/or two other campus initiatives aimed at promoting the access and success of underrepresented students: a merit program that, at the time, provided $1,000 scholarships annually to high-achieving freshmen, and a program that provided support services such as advising and help with study skills – but no scholarships – to students from underrepresented school districts in Illinois.Freshmen with first-semester GPAs of up to 2.33 were about half as likely to graduate as students who had GPAs in the 3.68 to 4.0 range, the researchers found.“What this research shows is that students who are above that 2.0 cutoff, but below 2.33, are at significant risk of not graduating. Waiting until a student hits a 2.0 GPA or lower may be too late,” Gershenfeld said. “Freshmen with first-semester GPAs of up to 2.33 should be targeted as particularly vulnerable to attrition.”University and federal student aid policies require that students maintain a cumulative 2.0 GPA – a C average – on a 4.0 scale. Students’ whose GPAs drop below 2.0 are placed on academic probation and offered services such as advising, mentoring or tutoring.Universities’ approaches to identifying students who may need academic help, based upon their GPAs, and the types of support services offered to these students have changed relatively little over the past three decades, said Ward Hood, who was an academic adviser to at-risk students at another university early in her career.The conventional practice has been to tell freshmen not to be too concerned about their grades unless they can’t pull their GPA up during their second semester, and to suggest they be more selective with their class schedules, balancing one or two difficult subjects with several easier courses each term, Ward Hood said.“There are some things that suggest that we need to re-examine what we’re doing and learn what’s really going on with these students so we can personalize or target our interventions. Maybe what we’re giving them is a handful of forks when what they really need is a spoon,” Ward Hood said.A first step toward developing effective interventions is for scholars to identify the underlying factors that may be negatively affecting these students’ first-semester grades and ultimately their prospects of graduating, the researchers suggest.“First-semester GPA is the proverbial canary in the coal mine,” Gershenfeld said. “This research shows the need to intervene for students with a first-semester GPA below 2.33. At a time when great attention is focused on the graduation rates of underrepresented students, here is valuable evidence of how we can make a difference.”last_img read more

News Scan for Jul 27, 2015

first_imgSaudi Arabia reports new MERS case, deathSaudi Arabia’s Ministry of Health (MOH) reported a new MERS-CoV case over the weekend and a death in a previously reported patient, both in Riyadh.The new case involves a 30-year-old Saudi man who is hospitalized in stable condition, the MOH reported on Jul 25. He is not a healthcare worker but had contact with a MERS-CoV (Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus) patient in either a community or hospital setting, the MOH said.The man who died was a 54-year-old expatriate who had preexisting disease, the MOH said today. He was not a health worker.The developments bring the country’s MERS totals to 1,055 cases and 466 deaths, the MOH said today. Eight patients are currently undergoing treatment.Jul 25 MOH update Jul 27 MOH update More than 100 labs added to DoD anthrax lab error listA Pentagon panel tasked with reviewing inadvertent shipment of samples containing live Bacillus anthracis spores from an Army lab in Utah today said 106 more labs received the material, raising the total to 192.The labs added to the total are all secondary labs that received samples from primary recipients, according to a Department of Defense (DoD) update today. The number of secondary labs affected was not included in previous reports.In its initial report released by the committee on Jul 24 the committee had said 86 labs received live samples of B anthracis—the bacterium that causes anthrax—directly from the Army’s Dugway Proving Ground lab.Also, the update revealed that 21 lab workers are on anthrax postexposure prophylaxis. Fifteen are DoD employees, and 6 work in other labs.The review panel released its full report on Jul 24, finding that faulty inactivation of the spores and inadequate testing led to the shipment of the live spores. It said the key misstep was failure to detect viable spores in samples after they were exposed to gamma radiation intended to inactivate them. The DoD also said it would probe whether leadership failures contributed to the problem.DoD Laboratory Review home page Jul 24 CIDRAP News story “Poor activation, testing blamed for DoD anthrax errors” PAHO reports 20,000 new chikungunya casesThe Pan American Health Organization (PAHO) late last week reported 20,269 new chikungunya cases, raising the epidemic total in the Americas to 1,614,318 cases.Ecuador, reporting 5 weeks’ worth of data, had the most new cases, 13,561, for a total of 30,045, according to a Jul 24 PAHO update. Colombia, which has for months reported thousands of new cases each week, was next highest, with 6,427 new infections, for a total of 302,171.The previous week PAHO had reported 29,256 new cases. Weekly increases before that ranged from about 11,000 to about 14,000 cases. The total so far this year is 477,371 cases. As has been the case for quite some time, however, many countries have not reported data for weeks.The epidemic began in December 2013 with the first locally acquired chikungunya case ever reported in the Americas, on St. Martin in the Caribbean.Jul 24 PAHO update Jul 21 CIDRAP News scan on previous updatelast_img read more

Native back in buying mode in Chelsea and Belgravia

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Linde adds 575tpd nitrogen liquefier to Ohio ASU

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Signs of a stalling housing market

first_imgAs the latest round of monthly housing market indicators spills new insight into the pot of understanding the figures seem to support earlier suggestions that both activity and prices are stalling.The pattern is varied regionally and confused by the General Election, pre-Budget anticipation over the increases in Capital Gains Tax for second home owners, the suspension of Home Improvement Packs and the ripples generated by the changes to stamp duty.But the overall trend does now seems to suggest that the resurgence in the market that followed the sharp decline in 2008 is petering out.Last week we had Rightmove figures pointing to a slackening in the rise in asking prices and so far this week we have had both the Hometrack and Nationwide surveys suggesting that prices rose by just 0.1% in June.We also had the release last week of the Land Registry figures for May suggesting that house prices fell by 0.2%.And a fortnight or so ago the figures produced by Acadametrics, used by the Financial Times, showed a continuation in May of the downward path in prices which started in March.The Halifax index has also been on a downward path of late.And commentators appear to be much of a like mind in suggesting that the upswing in the market is flagging.Here’s a comment from Martin Gahbauer, Nationwide’s Chief Economist: “The month of June presented a picture of broad stability for the housing market.And a comment from Richard Donnell, Director of Research at Hometrack: “Following strong market conditions over 2009, demand started to falter over the first quarter of 2010 – a trend that has continued with June seeing a modest 0.1% increase in new buyers.”One key factor influencing the market is the shifting balance of buyers and sellers, a trend picked up by many recent surveys. According to Hometrack since March the supply has grown three times faster than demand.But we have also seen other lead indicators looking depressed. The data on the number of mortgage approvals has remained suppressed after the surge at the end of last year, when many buyers were looking to cash in on partial suspension of Stamp Duty.This effect also caused a spike in the number of homes bought and sold. And this market activity appears to have helped boost house prices late last year and into the early part of 2010.However we now see both mortgage lending slumped and transactions slumping. The latest data from HMRC on transactions shows a seasonally adjusted figure for the number of transactions in the UK residential properties worth more than £40,000 dropped to 71,000 – about 10% down on the average over the previous six months.And the latest data from the Bank of England released this week on lending shows the number of mortgages for house purchases remains suppressed. In the three months to the end of May the level of mortgage lending was down more than 10% on the level of the final six months of 2010.One graph that I have been updating with curiosity of late is one showing the Halifax monthly seasonally adjusted house price index against Bank of England mortgage lending and HMRC transactions, both lagged. Here is the latest incarnation.It will be interesting to see where the Halifax puts its next cross on the graph when it reports its June figures next month.For those that are curious here is what the graph looked like in March and we can see that so far the pattern has been broadly going in line with expectations.It is too early, however, to suggest that we are on the verge of another downward slide in prices or whether this is a temporary pause an upward slope.But for the industry the key concern is probably the number of eager buyers out there and that is once again looking a bit worryinglast_img read more

Weighty matters

first_imgTo continue enjoying, sign up for free guest accessExisting subscriber? LOGIN Stay at the forefront of thought leadership with news and analysis from award-winning journalists. Enjoy company features, CEO interviews, architectural reviews, technical project know-how and the latest innovations.Limited access to industry news as it happensBreaking, daily and weekly e-newsletters Subscribe now for unlimited access Get your free guest access  SIGN UP TODAY Subscribe to Building today and you will benefit from:Unlimited access to all stories including expert analysis and comment from industry leadersOur league tables, cost models and economics dataOur online archive of over 10,000 articlesBuilding magazine digital editionsBuilding magazine print editionsPrinted/digital supplementsSubscribe now for unlimited access.View our subscription options and join our communitylast_img read more

​Clifford Chance defends position in £130m negligence case

first_imgClifford Chance has pledged to defend itself ‘robustly’ after being joined in a £130m negligence action brought by US bank JP Morgan Chase against German transport company BVG.The magic circle firm described the claims as ‘misconceived and entirely without merit’.BVG is accused of having spread risk by insuring a deal through a collateralised debt obligation (CDO) in 2007. BVG has joined Clifford Chance to the suit, which alleges that Clifford Chance gave negligent advice in relation to the derivatives transaction.A spokeswoman from Clifford Chance said: ‘We do not consider that BVG should have joined us to this action. We believe the claims against us are misconceived and entirely without merit and we will continue to defend our position robustly.’The case is expected to be heard in the High Court later this month. Clyde & Co partner Richard Harrison and David Foxton QC are acting for Clifford Chance.In 2011 JP Morgan won a challenge at the European Union’s highest court to have the CDO dispute heard by UK courts.last_img read more

Angkut 139 Penumpang dan Puluhan Kendaraan, KM Lestari Maju Tenggelam di Perairan Selayar

first_imgMasih hangat dalam ingatan, musibah tenggelamnya KM Sinar Bangun di Danau Toba, Sumatera Utara pada 18 Juni lalu. Dan hari ini, Selasa (3/7/2018) pukul 14.30 WITA, kembali tersiar kabar tenggelamnya kapal di Perairan Selayar, Sulawesi Selatan. Yang tenggelam bukan kapal ukuran kecil, melainkan KM (Kapal motor) Lestari Maju, jenis kapal ferry dengan kapasitas 200 penumpang, dan mampu membawa 20 kendaraan roda empat dan 30 unit kendaraan roda enam.Baca juga: Di Balik Tragedi Danau Toba, Inilah Profil KM Sinar Bangun Dikutip KabarPenumpang dari Humas BNPB, disebutkan KM Lestari Maju tenggelam saat berlayar dari Pelabuhan Bira, Kabupaten Bulukumba ke Pelabuhan Pamatata, Kabupaten Selayar, Sulawesi Selatan. Untuk penyebab tenggelamnya kapal, diperkirakan karena adanya kebocoran di lambung kiri kapal. Sebagai upaya pertolongan, Tim Basarnas Selayar dan personel Polres Selaya telah menuju Tempat Kejadian Peristiwa (TKP). Saat tenggelam, KM Lestari Maju mengangkut 139 penumpang dan 48 unit kendaraan. 48 unit kendaraan yang diangkut KM Lestari Maju terbagi dalam empat golongan yaitu 18 unit kendaraan golongan II, 14 unit kendaraan golongan IV, delapan unit kendaraan golongan V atau bus dan truk, serta delapan unit kendaraan golongan VI atau bus dan truk.Sebanyak empat orang dilaporkan meninggal karena kecelakaan KM Lestari Maju di perairan Kepulauan Selayar ini. Data tersebut merupakan data sementara yang dihimpun Polda Sulawesi Selatan atas peristiwa yang terjadi sekitar pukul 14.30 WITA tersebut.Baca juga: Sedia Payung Sebelum Hujan, Sedia “OneUp” Sebelum Tenggelam! Sebelumnya, KM Lestari Maju beberapa kali diketahui mengalami kerusakan, seperti pada awal April 2018 disebutkan mengalami kerusakan mesin. Dalam tenggelamnya KM Lestari Maju terlihat beberapa momen dramatis, diantaranya detik-detik tenggelamnya kapal dan hanyutnya beberapa kendaraan. KM Lestari Maju diketaui dimiliki oleh PT Pelayaran Spectra Tirtasegara Line.Share this:Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Like this:Like Loading… RelatedDi Balik Tragedi Danau Toba, Inilah Profil KM Sinar Bangun21/06/2018In “Destinasi”Masalah Manifes, Bukti Carut Marutnya Layanan Pelayaran di Tanah Air10/07/2018In “Analisa Angkutan”KNKT Rilis Hasil Investigasi Penyebab Tenggelamnya KM Sinar Bangun14/08/2018In “Featured”last_img read more

Manchester United Target Jadon Sancho Signs New Dortmund Deal

first_imgManchester United target Jadon Sancho has signed an improved long-term contract with Borussia Dortmund which takes his wages to about £190,000 a week, including bonuses.The new contract is a massive increase on the England winger’s former terms that saw him earn £75,000 until the summer of 2022. It is believed that the new deal is an effort by Dortmund to reward the much sought after teenager after he refused to leave the Bundesliga side following interest across Europe. The 19-year-old, who was heavily linked with a return to the premier league with Manchester United reportedly interested in securing his services, scored 13 goals last season as Dortmund finished second behind Bayern Munich.He already has a goal to his name this season after finding the back of the net in Dortmund’s 2018/2019 Bundesliga season-opening 5-1 win over Augsburg on last Saturday.Sancho, who was signed from Manchester City in 2017, started his career at Watford’s academy. He made his England debut against Croatia in October 2018 and has six caps.Relatedlast_img read more

Portmore edge Cavalier 2-1

first_imgPortmore United defeated Cavalier 2-1 in their Red Stripe Premier League (RSPL) game at the Spanish Town Prison Oval on Thursday afternoon.Lamar Walker opened the scoring in the 34th minute and Cleon Pryce added another two minutes into the second half as the defending champions moved temporarily into the top six with 24 points. Shaniel Thomas scored the consolation goal for Cavalier in the final seconds of added time.Cavalier had a golden chance to take the lead early in the first half when Nicholas Hamilton was one-on-one with Portmore goalkeeper Benjamin Williams, but scuffed his attempt wide.The Ricardo Gardner coached Portmore have now won back-to-back games for the first time since November. daniel.wheeler@gleanerjm.comlast_img