International firm Eversheds Sutherland has furloughed certain staff members for the next three weeks, and has delayed pay and bonus reviews until the end of October.In a statement released today, the firm said it has accessed government-backed job retention schemes, and has placed individuals ‘who are not able to perform their duties whilst working remotely’ on furlough for the next three weeks. The firm will top up the payment from the government so staff receive their full salary during this time.It has also made the ‘difficult decision’ to delay the review of remuneration and bonus payments until the end of October. Promotion-related pay rises have also been deferred. However, candidates who successfully passed their assessments and interviews will be promoted from 1 May 2020 as planned.Meanwhile, it is expected that partner pay-outs will either be reduced or deferred. For staff who are balancing work and caring responsibilities, Eversheds Sutherland is offering five days of full pay and has also introduced an enhanced holiday scheme which gives an additional day of holiday for every four taken to care for others. A hardship fund has also been set up to help individuals who are particularly impacted by the outbreak. Eversheds Sutherland is one of many firms attempting to mitigate the impact of the coronavirus outbreak. Magic circle firms Allen & Overy and Freshfields have deferred partner pay-outs and suspended pay and bonus reviews, while Norton Rose Fulbright has asked staff to reduced their working week by 20%. *The Law Society is keeping the coronavirus situation under review and monitoring the advice it receives from the Foreign & Commonwealth Office and Public Health England. Find advice and updates here. Please see the Gazette’s dedicated coronavirus page here >>
Forward Renārs Magone will continue to play in the Latvian basketball club “Ogre”, the club’s press service reports. Content will continue after the ad Advertising Poppy and basketball club Ogre cooperation started in 2016/2017. at the end of the year, when the club represented by Magone was hired by the Ogre unit until the end of the season. Full cooperation was started before 2018/2019. and on Monday, 13 July, an agreement was reached to extend the contract for at least another season.In the last season of the “Pafbet” Latvian-Estonian basketball league, Magone played 20 games, in which he spent less than 21 minutes on the field on average. Poppy was one of the six players in the team, who stood out in the game with more than 11 points – 11.1 points in the game on average. Also in the fight for rebounds, Renārs was one of the team’s main fighters, averaging 4.7 rebounds per game.During his career, Renārs Magone has also represented “VEF Rīga”, the University of Latvia and Liepāja teams. In the ranks of Ogre, Magone has won bronze and silver awards in the Latvian Basketball League.Last week, Uģis Pinete joined Ogre, who spent the previous years in the Jurmala club. Last season, Uģis Pinete went on the field in 23 games, spending on average less than 30 minutes on the field. The 194-centimeter-long striker was one of the main attacking leaders in BK Silja. Pinete averaged 15.5 points last season, as well as 2.3 rebounds and 2.2 assists. Even the basketball club Ogre has valid cooperation agreements with both team captains – Rinalds Sirsniņš and Kristaps Dārgo, as well as forward Lauri Mizi.
Dean Smith was on the lookout for someone with experience capable of helping his side fight against relegation, and when the opportunity to sign the former Liverpool goalkeeper came up, he took it.The 37-year-old made six appearances in the Premier League before the Covid-19 pandemic brought the world of football to a stop, conceding 13 goals, and never kept a clean sheet.While there remains a chance the player could be able to finish the season at Villa Park and perhaps achieve what he came to do, it seems unlikely he will stay beyond the current season, especially since there is no clause to make the move permanent in his loan.That means he will need to return to Milan, who are at a bit of a loss when it comes to knowing what to do with him, according to Gazzetta dello Sport.Embed from Getty ImagesA lot could rest on the future of Donnarumma, as the youngster only has a year left on his current contract, and this summer would be the ideal time to cash in on him if they cannot find an agreement on a renewal.If that is the case, then Reina, whose deal also expires in 2021, would be an easy player to plug in the gap for a year while they find a long-term replacement.The issue remains his €3m/year wages, which they cannot really afford to pay if Donnarumma stays, so if the 21-year-old extends for the foreseeable future, the Spaniard would then need to be sold.It isn’t said if Aston Villa would be interested in such a deal, but perhaps it’s something Smith could look at if he enjoyed working with Reina during their brief stint together and he can guarantee him first-team football?by Taboolaby TaboolaSponsored LinksSponsored LinksPromoted LinksPromoted LinksTrending TodayForge of Empires – Free Online GameBuild a City, Trade With Your Neighbors, Play With Your FriendsForge of Empires – Free Online GameUndo聽多多 Hearmore.asia1969年前出生的香港居民現可免費試戴頂尖的歐洲助聽器聽多多 Hearmore.asiaUndoHero WarsGetting this Treasure is impossible! Prove us wrong!Hero WarsUndo熱門話題小心會長過頭…網友推爆:「真的長得超誇張!」熱門話題UndoStanChart by CNBC CatalystDigitization in Banks Is No Longer About Efficiency, but Business Resilience. Don’t Get Left Behind.StanChart by CNBC CatalystUndoCNN with DBS BankWhat Banks Did To Help Corporations Mitigate Future CrisesCNN with DBS BankUndoLoans | Search AdsNeed a loan? Search hereLoans | Search AdsUndoGrepolis – Online Free GameGamers Around the World Have Been Waiting for this Game! Already 35 Million PlayersGrepolis – Online Free GameUndoKeto减肥1個簡單的妙招一夜「融化」腹部贅肉（今晚試試）Keto减肥Undo Stuck behind Gianluigi Donnarumma at Milan, Pepe Reina used the January transfer window as an opportunity to find himself some first-team football, which he found at Aston Villa.
F2 Logistics. Photo by Tristan Tamayo/INQUIRER.netRiding on a three-game winning streak, F2 Logistics has emerged as the hottest team in the league after a run highlighted by an upset of erstwhile unbeaten Foton.F2 coach Ramil de Jesus said the desire to win comes from the players themselves. And it showed.ADVERTISEMENT 30 Filipinos from Wuhan quarantined in Capas Taiwan minister boards cruise ship turned away by Japan PLAY LIST 01:31Taiwan minister boards cruise ship turned away by Japan01:33WHO: ‘Global stocks of masks and respirators are now insufficient’01:01WHO: now 31,211 virus cases in China 102:02Vitamin C prevents but doesn’t cure diseases like coronavirus—medic03:07’HINDI PANG-SPORTS LANG!’03:03SILIP SA INTEL FUND Shanghai officials reveal novel coronavirus transmission modes Russian coaches to help train Pinoys Don’t miss out on the latest news and information. Chinese-manned vessel unsettles Bohol town PH among economies most vulnerable to virus Mainland China virus cases exceed 40,000; deaths rise to 908 Smart’s Siklab Saya: A multi-city approach to esports MOST READ Smart hosts first 5G-powered esports exhibition match in PH We are young Where did they go? Millions left Wuhan before quarantine EDITORS’ PICK View comments As fate of VFA hangs, PH and US forces take to the skies for exercise The three-time champion Lady Troopers hope to come out strong against the star-studded F2 cast, who are led by imports Hayley Spelman and Sydney Kemper, offense threats Ara Galang and Cha Cruz, and block specialists Aby Maraño and Mika Reyes. Sports Related Videospowered by AdSparcRead Next “We’re not doing anything special, they (players) just told me that they wanted to win,” said De Jesus. “So I’m doing my best in guiding them to achieve that goal.”That spells trouble for struggling RC Cola-Army when they clash at 6 p.m. today in the Asics-Philippine Superliga Grand Prix at Gen. Trias Sports Center in Cavite.FEATURED STORIESSPORTSGinebra teammates show love for SlaughterSPORTSWe are youngSPORTSCone plans to speak with Slaughter, agentFoton collides with Cignal in the opener at 4 p.m.“Although we don’t have a chance for the third spot anymore, we will still do our best to win over F2 Logistics [and Cignal this week] to gain momentum in the playoffs,” said RC Cola-Army coach Kungfu Reyes.
AD Quality Auto 360p 720p 1080p Top articles1/5READ MOREThe joys and headaches of holiday travel: John PhillipsGo The Extra Mile mall walking program presentation, 9-10 a.m. in the community room at Westfield Valencia Town Center, 24201 W. Valencia Blvd., Valencia. Call (661) 253-8326. TODAY Special Olympics offers golf lessons to athletes with learning disabilities, evenings at Vista Valencia Golf Course, 24700 W. Trevino Drive, Valencia. New athletes or volunteer coaches can call (661) 253-2121. TUESDAY Volunteer training class, 1-4 p.m. at the William S. Hart Museum, 24151 San Fernando Road, Newhall. First of four sessions. Call Sabina Miller at (661) 254-4584. 160Want local news?Sign up for the Localist and stay informed Something went wrong. Please try again.subscribeCongratulations! You’re all set!
CCH Tax Day ReportThe House Ways and Means Committee held a markup September 14 that was originally scheduled to consider seven tax-related bills. The committee cut short the markup, considering and approving only three of the tax measures scheduled for consideration. All three bills now head to the House floor.OlympicsThe committee approved the United States Appreciation for Olympians and Paralympians Bill of 2016 (HR 5496), a measure that would exempt the value of Olympic and Paralympic medals and monetary awards from an athlete’s taxable income (TAXDAY, 2016/08/17, C.1). The bill, sponsored by Rep. Robert Dold, R-Ill., was approved by voice vote. “This tax on success is a disservice to the great athletes that compete for the United States,” Dold said at the hearing.According to Thomas Barthold, chief, Joint Committee on Taxation (JCT), all payments from the U.S. Olympic Committee (USOC) are exempt under the bill, regardless of the recipient taxpayer or level of income. “There are no restrictions; it only goes to the value of the award,” Barthold testified.Rep. Bill Pascrell, D-N.J., offered an approved amendment addressing the issue of recipient income, requiring the legislation not apply to a taxpayer with income for such winning tax year that exceeds $1 million, or half of that amount in the case of a married individual filing a separate return. Before Pascrell could finish his introduction, Brady and Dold immediately voiced their approval of the amendment.Stock OwnershipThe Empowering Employees through Stock Ownership Bill (HR 5719), sponsored by Rep. Erik Paulsen, R-Minn., which addresses the tax treatment of restricted stock issued to employees, was also approved by voice vote. “The bill is designed to promote employee ownership,” Paulsen said, adding that “the bill contains several provisions to ensure that only employees who truly need a tax deferral are able to obtain it.”According to House Majority Leader Kevin McCarthy, R-Calif., the bill will receive a House floor vote during the week of September 19. “This legislation provides startup employees with the ability to accept equity options without being burdened with tax liabilities many employees will be unable to pay until the company goes public or they have substantial cash reserves,” McCarthy said in a statement after the bill’s passage. The bill will be “scheduled for swift consideration on the House floor next week.”The Emergency Citrus Disease Response Bill (HR 3597), sponsored by Rep. Vern Buchanan, R-Fla., was also approved by voice vote. The measure addresses the tax treatment of costs associated with certain citrus crops.“Our intent is to have a second markup next week,” Chairman Kevin Brady, R-Tex., announced at the hearing. While speaking with Wolters Kluwer immediately after the markup, a committee aide indicated the following remaining measures will be taken up next week:The Stop Taxing Death and Disability Bill (HR 5204), sponsored by Rep. Peter Roskam, R-Ill., which addresses the tax treatment of student loans that are forgiven due to death or disability;The Helping Ensure Accountability, Leadership, and Transparency in Tribal Healthcare (HEALTTH) Bill (HR 5406), sponsored by Rep. Kristi Noem, R-S.D., legislation that addresses the tax treatment of the Indian Health Service student loan repayment program;The Water and Agriculture Tax Reform Bill of 2015 (HR 422 0), sponsored by Rep. Ken Buck, R-Colo., which addresses the tax qualification of mutual irrigation and ditch companies organized to promote access to water; andHR 5879, a bill sponsored by Rep. Tom Rice, R-S.C., which would amend the Internal Revenue Code to adjust the credit for production from advanced nuclear power facilities.By Jessica Jeane, Wolters Kluwer News StaffWays and Means Press Release: Chairman Brady Opening Statement at a Markup of Tax and Trade Enforcement Proposals
Atal Bihari VajpayeeVision India: A.B. Vajpayee spells out the wordmap of progressAtal Bihari Vajpayee says that India can and must become a developed nation by 2020 and declares his resolve to secure a meaningful role for India in world affairs.The context of this event has enhanced its importance. Conclave 2004,Atal Bihari VajpayeeVision India: A.B. Vajpayee spells out the wordmap of progressAtal Bihari Vajpayee says that India can and must become a developed nation by 2020 and declares his resolve to secure a meaningful role for India in world affairs.The context of this event has enhanced its importance. Conclave 2004 has coincided with Election 2004. INDIA TODAY is talking about India Tomorrow. And the tomorrow it dreams of is the dream of Building an Indian Century.Now that’s a theme tailor made for those of us in this election battle who have a lot to say about our achievements today and, equally, a lot to say about our vision for tomorrow. We are ready for the debate. Indeed, the debate is already taking place all across the country-in homes and on streets, in teashops and on TV channels. One can say that India has become a conclave today, discussing the claims and counter-claims, arguments and counter-arguments of various contenders in the elections.As the world’s largest democracy, we can be proud that this electoral battle is taking place in a completely peaceful, tension-free atmosphere. I have no doubt that irrespective of who wins or loses in the elections and by whatever margin, our democracy will emerge victorious, stronger and more resilient than before.Every Indian, whether living in India or abroad, has always believed that India is a great nation and has wondered why the world has not acknowledged this obvious truth. Perhaps we have tended to judge ourselves by our potential, whereas others judge us by our performance. However, this gap between our potential and our performance is now getting bridged. India is changing, and changing very rapidly. The imprint of this change is becoming bolder and more attention-catching by the day.The world acknowledges our prowess in IT and in other sectors of the knowledge-based economy. Our growing markets and our rapidly expanding economy compel global recognition. Indian businesses have learnt from globalisation and the technology revolution the imperative of becoming globally competitive.advertisementToday “Made in India” or “Sourced from India” labels are becoming a matter of national pride. It cannot be anybody’s claim that India’s achievements belong only to the recent past.As an Indian, I am as proud as anyone else of India’s achievements under previous governments. I have never looked at them with jaundiced eyes and have never been sparing in giving credit where it was due.However, few would deny that the progress we made in the past did not measure up either to India’s potential or to her manifest needs. As a result, enormous developmental challenges continue to confront our country. The greatest of these challenges is to banish poverty which still grips nearly one-fourth of our population. We have a long way to go and an immense lot to accomplish.But we have decided to traverse this long journey in a short time. We have started to speed up everything that is essential for making India a stronger and more prosperous nation, one capable of meeting any emergency that the future may throw up. Towards this end we have begun to: speed up our GDP growth; speed up the reform of our economy and our institutions; speed up the expansion and modernisation of our infrastructure and speed up the expansion and improvement of our social infrastructure.Raising productivity and profitability in agriculture is central to our strategy of making rural India prosperous and vibrant. The Green Revolution helped India achieve self sufficiency in food production.Now, the country needs a second Green Revolution to create efficiency and capture value at every stage in the food chain linking the farmer to the consumer. We have initiated many efforts in this direction. Enlarging and intensifying them will be a priority for us in the coming years.There is much talk these days about unemployment. I recognise that it is a major concern for the youth. However, I would like to stress two salient aspects of this problem. Firstly, unemployment is not a recent creation. Secondly, the nature of employment generation is changing with the changing nature of the economy. Jobs in government and organised industry have shrunk not only in India but also all over the world. At the same time, new employment and self-employment opportunities have sprung up on a large scale in recent years. These are in housing, road construction and transportation, cottage industries, financial sector, tourism, services and enterprises in the informal sector, and IT.Our strategy for the future will be three-pronged: promote productive employment in all sectors of the economy, especially in agriculture and rural enterprises; enhance employability of the employment-seeking people through suitable training and skill development; and further strengthen social security schemes for those in the unorganised sector. Turning to India’s interaction with the international community in the years to come by mentioning only a few key issues. We are seeing increasingly that as India adjusts to globalisation, the globe is adjusting to a quiet “Indianisation”. Indians and people of Indian origin have earned recognition abroad as political leaders and heads of multinationals, as film directors and sports captains, as editors and authors. The most prestigious universities of the world have Indians in top faculty positions.There are some who do not like to describe all this as “India Shining”. They would at least have to admit that these facts testify to the vigour and vitality of India’s international profile today. Our economic growth and development have enhanced our international standing. Conversely, our network of international cooperation has also provided new opportunities for India’s growth and development. As the world seeks to fashion a new global order from the debris of the Cold War, India will creatively pursue her foreign policy to widen the web of friendly relations with all the countries in the world. Our aim will be to secure for India a meaningful role in world affairs.India does not believe that unipolarity is a state of equilibrium in today’s world. At the same time, we do not advocate a form of multipolarity that creates tension between the poles. We believe a stable equilibrium lies in a cooperative, multipolar world which accommodates the legitimate aspirations and interests of all its component poles and of the international community as a whole. This is the world which India is committed to working for.In Asia, regional economic cooperation has already changed the contours of our international engagement. The ASEAN-India relationship is gaining strength and maturity. We have recently given economic cooperation within SAARC a new impetus. Through BIMST-EC (Bangladesh-India-Myanmar-Sri Lanka-Thailand Economic Cooperation) we are trying to exploit the synergies of sub-regional cooperation in a way that will also promote the rapid economic development of our northeastern states. We have taken forward our relations with China by strengthening the underpinning of a vibrant economic cooperation.It is this language of cooperation, detente and dialogue that we have consistently used in our neighbourhood policy. The agreement that we reached with Pakistan in January flowed from our consistent stand that it is only bilateral dialogue that can solve our problems; that this dialogue cannot be pursued or sustained if terrorism continues; and that all problems, including Jammu and Kashmir, should be addressed in this dialogue.Throughout the recent difficult years, when we had to fashion responses appropriate to immediate challenges, we have consistently had this clarity of purpose. I have also frequently said that in this changing and fast-moving world, we cannot afford to remain shackled by history. We should be willing to look at innovative ideas for the resolution of our bilateral differences.Of course, it is public opinion in both countries that has to lead the politicians to pragmatic and acceptable solutions. That is why we have been advocating the intensification of trade, economic cooperation, cultural exchanges and sporting links so that public opinion in both the countries can be mobilised in support of the peace dividend.It is also our vision for the entire South Asian region that the economic stakes we develop in each other will eventually wipe away misunderstanding and suspicions and create a South Asian Economic Union which will promote progress and prosperity in a strongly interconnected subcontinent.The two defining security-related preoccupations of the 21st century are terrorism and proliferation. We in India know that international terrorism inspired by religious extremism did not start with 9/11. But it imprinted itself on the consciousness of the international community on that date. It enabled the world to put in better perspective India’s own experiences. We willingly joined the international coalition against terrorism, applauded the provisions of UN Security Council Resolutions 1373 and 1456, and called for a strict and universal application of all these provisions.This is a continuing struggle. We have to resist the temptation of short-term political goals diverting us from the long term objective. India is convinced that ultimately the battle against international terrorism can only be effectively won by the widest possible coalition of democracies acting in concert.It is an objective we will continue to pursue. We hear a lot these days about the indiscriminate proliferation of weapons of mass destruction feeding a black market of non-state actors.advertisementadvertisementWe have always maintained that the existing non-proliferation regimes are all grossly unequal and would not serve the purpose of military denuclearisation. They have restrained the responsible and rewarded the reckless.Let me declare unequivocally that India supports the objective of genuine non-proliferation. We have pursued it from our own perspectives and for our own good. India can contribute meaningfully and even add value to a multilateral cooperative framework for this.In the past few years, India has taken important measures to orient its economy to the demands of globalization. We have done so with deliberation and with sensitivity. Even at the risk of attracting the impatience of some, we have tried to ensure that our economic liberalization does not retard the objective of equitable development. We have warned the world of the dangers of headlong globalization seriously eroding political support for economic reform measures in developing countries.Together with other developing countries, we emphasized this at Cancun. Decisions on agriculture affect the livelihood of billions of farmers in the developing world which could not be sacrificed at the altar of globalization. We will continue to work with the developing and the developed world for win-win solutions to these issues. India is convinced that such solutions exist.While talking about globalization, I should mention the strange controversies that have been generated on what is called business process outsourcing. The very process of liberalization on which we have been lectured for so many years has created competitive skills which are available for utilization by businesses everywhere. Outsourcing is a natural consequence of this process.As economists around the world have been saying, outsourcing makes businesses more competitive, increases their exports and profits, and places more investible surpluses in their hands which can be deployed to create more jobs. The world has spent the past decade trying to make sensible economics prevail over the temptation of short-term political gains. We should not now drive a reverse process. Today, India stands at a unique point in her ascendant movement in history. I believe that there is a law of growth in the life of every nation. Understood and followed properly, it brings about national resurgence and takes the nation to strength, prosperity and greatness.The objective conditions, including the international situation, have never been more conducive for this law of growth to operate with full power in the case of India. Therefore, we must not let cynicism or negativism, despondency or disunity clog our veins and weaken our muscles.India faces a big challenge today. We will always remain a democracy, of course. That is an abiding source of India’s pride and strength. But the challenge is: Can our democracy create a common national purpose around the issue of development and deliver it on a scale that all of us dream of?Can we remove regional and social disparities and bridge the urban-rural divide fast enough? Can we speedily enlarge the basket of opportunities to match the growing aspirations of our predominantly youthful population?In short, can we make India a developed nation in a holistic way by 2020? Within the lifespan of a single generation? Yes, we can. We must. To work toward this goal has been the endeavor of my Government for the past five years. It is our resolve to accelerate this process over the next five years. And this is precisely why we are seeking a renewed mandate from the people of India in the hope and confidence that we will get it.Atal Bihari Vajpayee is the Prime Minister of India.
The year began with Begin and ended with Begin. It was the year, the seemingly invincible Shah of Iran faced his moment of truth. It was also the year of the disco and John Travolta, the year of the silicon chip and the test-tube baby. It was the year in,The year began with Begin and ended with Begin. It was the year, the seemingly invincible Shah of Iran faced his moment of truth. It was also the year of the disco and John Travolta, the year of the silicon chip and the test-tube baby. It was the year in which China decided to come in from the cold, and the year of the Three Popes. Following the death of Paul VI, the conclave of cardinals stunned the world by opting for the little-known Albino Luciani, Archbishop of Venice, to don the Papal crown. Thirty-five days later, the new Pope died in bed while reading a book. This time, the conclave of cardinals sprang an even greater surprise by choosing cardinal Karol Wojtyla from Poland – the first non-Italian Pope in 456 years.On the political front, the major development of the year was the revolutionary changes in Chinese policy, that swept many of Chairman Mao’s ideas under the carpet and culminated in the dramatic diplomatic thrust of the year-resumption of diplomatic relations between Washington and Peking, leaving Taiwan on its fragile limb. China had earlier signed a historic treaty of friendship with Japan, an event that ended generations of bitter enmity. Meanwhile, the growing hostility between Vietnam and Cambodia – fanned by Russia’s overt support of Vietnam – was accompanied by the steady flight of Vietnamese “Boat people”. Thousands of refugees crowded into small ships, to be picked up occasionally bypassing vessels, but in most cases left to flounder on the high seas with tragic losses.While the Middle East continued to dominate the world’s economic manipulations, growing opposition to the Shah in Iran finally climaxed in a bloody orgasm of violence, leaving the Western powers embarrassingly harnessed to a crumbling regime. No international problem, however, was more depressing than Rhodesia. At the end of the year, despite frenetic shuttle diplomacy by a host of leading luminaries and the much publicized internal settlement signed by the Ian Smith regime, the war in Rhodesia showed no signs of abating. Everything remained the same, except that another few thousand people died; the guerilla armies grew stronger and controlled larger areas, and the Smith regime adopted a more offensive posture, bombing Zambia while Smith himself was making an unwelcome visit to Washington.advertisementThe face of Asia was less troubled than Africa, although in a year remarkable for the rarity of coups, Afghanistan decided to stage one. President Daoud and 30 members of his family were killed in the coup which ushered in a change in the region’s political balance. The new military government headed by Nur Mohammed Taraki showed itself to be more Soviet-oriented, causing nervous tremors among Afghanistan’s neighbours – most notably Pakistan, where General Zia ul-Huq sits rather uneasily in the saddle with ex-premier Bhutto languishing in jail while facing a death sentence.Internal violence dominated the fortunes of Latin America with Nicaragua hogging most of the headlines, following a revolt against the rule of President Somoza. The revolt fizzled out after bloody confrontations, but it brought universal attention to the brutality of Somoza’s regime. However, the year’s biggest horror story originated in Guyana, South America. It was the scene of the largest mass suicide in history. Over 900 followers of Reverend Jim Jones’ People’s Temple swallowed at the Commune in Guyana’s tropical jungle, a bizarre concoction of cyanide and Kool-Aid under instructions from Jones. It was an event that defied human comprehension. Terrorism continued to extend its tentacles across most of Western Europe. The most shocking event was the kidnapping and murder of former Italian prime minister Aldo Moro by the extreme left wing, Red Brigades.The international industrial scene presented a painful paradox. West Germany and Japan – the two countries that came out on the losing side in World War II-emerged as the strongest countries economically. But neither they, nor the other affluent nations were in any mood to usher in the New International Economic Order that the Third World has been hungering for. This underlined the brutal truth that the rich are still not willing to help the poor.Stiff British upper lips got even stiffer over the homosexual scandal involving the former Liberal Party Leader, Jeremy Thorpe. He is accused of conspiring to murder Norman Scott, alleged to be Thorpe’s boy-friend. And, last month, British breakfast tables looked forlornly bare when the management of the Times and the Sunday Times decided to suspend publication following frequent confrontations by the unions blocking adoption of latest printing technology.The year ended as it began – with Begin. The crusty Israeli leader short-circuited the much publicized Camp David peace talks on the Middle East by eventually rejecting the final formula for the West Bank settlement. By doing so. Begin played a major role in the most ironic event of the year-the Nobel Peace Prize, awarded jointly to Begin and President Anwar Sadat. This left, as expected, an ominous question mark hanging over the Middle East, and to a certain extent, over much of the rest of the world. India Today portrays some of the outstanding personalities of the year-the winners and the losers-and their contribution, however questionable their quality, to the major events and trends of 1978.advertisementPoliticiansPresident Carter with Sadat and Begin – signing the historic peace treaty that failedBy the end of the year the rocky road to peace in the Middle East once again seemed to have reached a point of no return. At the beginning of the year. Israeli Prime Minister Menachem Begin had just returned from a historic visit to Cairo bringing back the olive branch offered by Egyptian President Anwar Sadat. In the series of negotiations that followed, Israel and Egypt, with the help of US President, Jimmy Carter, drew up a programme for peace that included Israel’s withdrawal from much of the occupied areas. For Anwar Sadat, it was a courageous move considering the intense hostility generated by other Arab nations, notably Jordan, Saudi Arabia, Libya, South Yemen, Syria, and of course, the Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO). To add to Sadat’s woes, Begin started raising objections to what had already been tentatively agreed on earlier.Just when there seemed no way around the impasse, President Carter dramatically raised hopes, and his own sagging popularity, by inviting both Begin and Sadat to Camp David. For nearly a fortnight, the three men thrashed out a final agreement that offered the best hopes for peace so far.The Shah – wears an uneasy crownBut now, three months after the Camp David conclave, the peace talks have once again turned sour. Though Sadat has been bending over backwards to accommodate Israeli demands, the crusty, unpredictable Begin has proved the nigger in the woodpile by rejecting, accepting and then again rejecting Washington’s proposals on the fate of Jewish settlements in the West Bank occupied territory. The Camp David deadline for a final agreement expired on December 17, a few days after Begin and Sadat received the Nobel Peace Prize, and the prospect of peace is no closer than it was before Camp David.Gone is the old imperial arrogance. The most uneasy head that wears a crown today belongs to Shah Mohammed Reza Pahlavi, 59. The future of Iran’s proud autocratic ruler has taken a nosedive over the past few months in the wake of growing anti-Shah demonstrations that could well prove to be Iran’s Armageddon.Currently, the Shah faces his worst crisis since he took over the Peacock Throne in 1941, on the abdication of his father Reza Shah Pahlavi, but there are other exacerbating dimensions to Iran’s current crisis. The Shah is very much a creation of the US. He was toppled in a coup in 1953 led by leftist Premier Mohammed Mossadegh but regained the Peacock Throne shortly after a bold but covert excercise of American power-a CIA-engineered countercoup.advertisementBut now, the anti-Shah movement has saddled the Western powers with what is potentially the biggest political crisis in 25 years. Iran is not just a major oil supplier. It is also the keystone to stability in volatile Central Asia, and the major local protector of western interests in a region which produces half the non-communist world’s oil.Uganda’s Idi Amin – ready for a boxing boutThe future of the Shah is entangled with the future of the West and the current trauma in Iran is a potential breeding ground for intervention, however covert, by Russia which borders Iran for hundreds of miles. In Iran itself, the Shah’s support from his people has evaporated alarmingly, except among the military, the affluent class and the peasants. There is no responsible opposition because the Shah had banned political expression for 25 years. The result is a political vacuum that has gradually been filled by fanatical fundamentalists like Ayatullah Khomeini, 80, chief religious leader of the country’s Shiite Muslims-and will probably be eventually filled by leftist extremists. Meanwhile, Iran’s economy is in shambles with crippling and widespread strikes, notably among the country’s oil-workers. A majority of Iranians view the current unrest as the opening round in a jihad (holy war) against the Shah’s regime. But the view in Washington is something that was unthinkable at the beginning of 1978-that there might not always be a Pahlavi in power in Teheran.As the year closed, irrepressible Idi Amin of Uganda shot into the news again. He declined to play the good neighbour and his army invaded Tanzania. The bigger and better equipped Tanzanian forces showed little enthusiasm or imagination and the Amin Army annexed a 710-square-mile territory. This area, before its invasion, was said to be occupied by Milton Obote – ousted from Uganda by Amin in 1971 – and his guerilla forces. Departing from traditional diplomatic channels, the ebullient Amin, 53, then proceeded to invite the Tanzanian President, 56-year-old Julius Nyerere to settle their differences in a boxing ring.Afghanistan Prime Minister, Nur Mohammed Taraki – soft-spoken”The last remnants of imperialistic tyranny and despotism have been put to an end. From now on, the national sovereignty belongs to you, the noble people of Afghanistan.” This message, relayed from a rebel-controlled radio station marked the end of the 45-year reign of the powerful Zahir family in the country.President Mohammad Daoud, 68, in power since July 1973, was killed in a bloody coup in April last, in which an estimated 10,000 people lost their lives. Among them were several members of the Daoud family and a majority of top-ranking officials.Coup leaders installed 61-year-old Nur Mohammed Taraki-Secretary General of the outlawed 15,000-member communist Khalq Party – as president, prime minister and head of the Revolutionary Council. Taraki, a soft-spoken novelist and journalist was periodically imprisoned for his opposition to the Zahir family. In fact, he was in jail when violence erupted. It was to ensure that Daoud did not murder him that the rebels hit the Presidential Palace hard and fast.China’s Teng – behind the New Long MarchThough Taraki has denied a communist takeover and no evidence of a Soviet hand in the coup has been found, the Russians are obviously pleased. The USSR, which has a 1,281-mile common border with Afghanistan, was the first country to recognize the new regime, even before the sound of gunfire died down.JEREMY THORPE, CONTROVERSIAL BRITISH POLITICIANChina’s Vice Premier Teng Hsiaoping, whose sudden disappearances and strong comebacks characterize a fluctuating and largely successful political career, is back again. In 1966, Cultural Revolution radicals publicly humiliated him but in 1975 Chou En-lai brought him back as acting premier. After Chou’s death he found himself in political wilderness but returned quickly in July 1977 as Vice Premier. Teng, 74, is believed to be behind China’s New Long March which strives to simultaneously improve industry, science, technology and defence. In an unprecedented move this year, Hua Kuo-feng, premier and chairman of the Chinese Communist Party visited Romania, Yugoslavia and Iran while Teng went to Japan. In the past, Chinese leaders stayed at home. Leaders now stress the opening up of China’s frontiers and the making up of decades of backwardness. Meanwhile industrialists in Europe, Japan and elsewhere are watching the developments gleefully in the fond hope of entering a huge and wide-open market.The year presented Britain with its biggest political scandal since the Profumo expose in 1963. Jeremy Thorpe, 49, the dapper former leader of Britain’s Liberal Party was charged with conspiracy to murder. Thorpe’s alleged target was Norman Scott, 37, a down-and-out male model who had alleged that he had a homosexual relationship with Thorpe.Thorpe had denied Scott’s original homosexual charge, shortly after he resigned as head of the Liberal Party. His current trial in London can only hasten the political and emotional demolition of a man who, barely four years ago, was considered the fastest rising star in the British political arena The kidnapping of Aldo Moro, 62, ex-prime minister of Italy, on March 16, 1978, and his subsequent killing five weeks later sent tremors that may not die for a long time.The shadow of the terrorist organization, the Red Brigades, looms larger than ever over the “system” they have vowed to destroy. The entire operation was as chilling as it was professional. Five of Moro’s bodyguards were mowed down in broad daylight.Italy’s Aldo Moro – victim of terrorismThe terrorists were able to keep Moro hostage for almost two months, eluding one of the most intensive manhunts ever. Finally, they left the body in a stolen Red Renault station wagon a few yards from the headquarters of both the Christian Democrats and the Communists. During the ordeal, as pressure for release of some imprisoned Red Brigades members in exchange for Aldo Moro mounted, most of the major political parties remained firm in their refusal to negotiate.Political repercussions of the incident were felt immediately. Interior Minister Francesco Cossiga, accepted the responsibility of the police forces failure and submitted his resignation. Also, Moro left behind a potential political time-bomb in the form of letters written in his captivity to friends, colleagues and to his family. His letters are expected to be vengeful, and on publication may cause irreparable harm to prominent leaders of his party, the Christian Democrats, and the Communists.Two world leaders, who in their own fashion, played major roles in moulding the destinies of their people, died during the year. Kenya’s President Jomo Kenyatta and Israel’s former prime minister Golda Meir.As his name suggests, Kenyatta was Kenya. An aged warrior (his exact age was never known), Kenyatta towered like a black collosus over the African nationalist movement. In 1963, he presided over Kenya’s bloody transition to independence from the British and for the next 15 years put his personal stamp on every facet of Kenya’s development. Kenyatta was a legend in his time. He was at least a generation older than most African leaders and was battling for uhuru (freedom) before some of them were born. So imposing was his personality that he was able to hold his country’s fractious tribes together.Israel’s Golda Meir – earned respectThroughout, Kenyatta remained something of an enigma. His rise from a herdsboy to a mission school pupil, from a Nairobi water meter reader to a political activist was shaped by the hard facts of Kenyan life: the lust for land of his tribesmen and the settlers’ desire to preserve the country as a white man’s preserve. He spent 15 years in voluntary exile in London and eventually married an English woman, Edna Clarke. He returned to Kenya in 1946 and soon emerged as the strongest of the country’s black political leaders.Kenyatta’s greatest legacy to his people. however, was that he gave Kenya the stability and prosperity that most African states would envy. It enabled Kenya to carry out a peaceful transfer of power when Vice-President Daniel Arap Moi, 54, took over as President.Though her reign left less of an impact, Golda Meir, 80, earned an equal amount of respect from her people, and for Israel, by firmly guiding her tiny nation through possibly its most crucial period since Adolf Hitler’s anti-Jew blitzkrieg. Proud, disciplined and puritanical, Golda Meir became Israel’s fourth prime minister in 1969. Earlier, she had been appointed as the country’s first ambassador to Russia and a year later became labour minister. In 1966, she was appointed to the sensitive post of foreign minister and it was during that period that Israel made many friends. She was, however, unable to cope with the physical strain and resigned shortly after. But she was back in harness again, this time as the country’s prime minister, following the death of Levi Eshkol. She resigned from the premiership in April 1974, with the statement that she had “reached the end of the road and cannot go on any longer.”News MakersPope John Paul I – 35-day-reignThe Vatican made history in more ways than one in 1978. Pope Paul VI died in August last, after a reign of 15 years, and there were no clear front runners for the chair of Peter. The Sacred College of Cardinals’ 113 eligible members chose the little-known Archbishop of Venice, Albino Luciani.For many, his arrival as leader of the world’s Catholics came as a pleasant surprise. Paul VI had been austere and unsmiling while John Paul I revelled in his humour and lack of pomposity. When he died just 35 days after assuming office, he had already made his presence felt among his followers.John Paul II – first Polish PopeThe conclave of Cardinals met again and surprised the world by selecting Polish Cardinal Wojtyla from Cracow as the new Pope. He is the first non-Italian Pope in 456 years.In 1932, Aldous Huxley’s Brave New World described in detail the birth of human beings conceived in laboratories. Almost 50 years later Huxley’s prophetic vision turned into reality as the world’s first test-tube baby was born to an obscure British couple in an equally obscure British hospital in Oldham.Louise – hope for sterile womenThe creators of medical history were Patrick Steptoe, 65, a highly respected gynaecologist, and his colleague, a Cambridge University physiologist, Robert Edwards, 52. After a decade of experimenting, Steptoe and Edwards picked on Lesley Brown, 30, and her husband Gilbert John, 38, a van driver for British Rail, as the prospective parents of the test-tube baby. The Browns had no child during their nine years of marriage as Lesley suffered from a fallopian tube disorder. To bypass Lesley’s fallopian tubes, Steptoe and Edwards removed a ripe egg from her ovary, placed it in a laboratory dish and added sperm from her husband. After incubating the ovum as it started to divide, they implanted the embryo in the uterus where it continued to grow into a foetus in the natural way.Princess Caroline – married a commonerWedding bells rang out for the world’s two most eligible women during the year. Princess Caroline, 21, of Monaco was swept off her royal feet by Phillipe Junot, an international investment banker and boulevardier 17 years her senior, while Christina Onassis, 27, the twice-divorced jet-setting daughter of the late shipping tycoon, Aristotle Onassis, startled the world by taking for her spouse Sergei Kauzov an unassuming Russian sales representative for a Soviet ship chartering agency. Kauzov is 10 years her senior. Predictably, the marriage is on the rocks with Christina having shifted out of their apartment in Moscow and returned to her native Greece-sans Sergie.Christina – marriage on the rocksThe world’s weirdest villain in 1978 was unquestionably Reverend Jim Jones, 47, a Charles Manson-like cult guru from California who founded the controversial People’s Temples. Jones inscribed his name in blood in the history books by orchestrating the deaths of 900 of his followers in a commune in Guyana-the biggest mass suicide in recorded history. The deaths were induced by the cult members swallowing a concoction of Kool-Aid and cyanide.Like the deaths, Jones himself remained an enigma. He opened his first People’s Temple in the ’50s and hordes of “converts” started pouring in as did the contributions. Governors, mayors, police chiefs and prominent lawyers flocked to his meetings and in 1976 he was appointed as the head of San Francisco’s Housing Authority. In August 1977, Jones closed down all his temples, resigned from the Housing Authority and along with 1,000 cult members moved to a commune in Guyana called Jonestown. One year later, it became a sacrificial altar for the mass suicide ritual.SportsJim Jones – prophet of deathThe sting is less lethal now and the famous “Ali shuffle” is more of a shamble, but Muhammad Ali, 36, is unquestionably still “The Greatest”. Last September, Ali confounded critics who had said he was over the hill by pounding out a unanimous decision against Leon Spinks, thus becoming the first man in history to win the world heavy-weight boxing championship three times. In between, the ‘Loiusville Lip’ paid a visit to Moscow and returned raving about Russia, divorced his wife and launched his celluloid career in a movie, inevitably called-The Greatest.Muhammad Ali – all time greatAs the arduous, three-month-long World Chess Championship came to an end in October 1978, chess resembled war more than ever before. World champion Anatoly Karpov, 27, of Russia retained the title but not before a tremendous late comeback by Russian defector Korchnoi, 47.The adversaries came well-armed to Baguio City in the Philippines. Trailing behind Karpov were a talented set of seconds to give advice, grim-faced men to provide security, and Dr Vladimir Zoukhar, neuropsychologist and hypnotist, who trained on Korchnoi what the latter called the “evil eye”. Korchnoi responded by including in his retenue an Austrian woman reportedly with a record in a Siberian prison and a Belgian who countered Zoukhar’s influence.Karpov – title retainedKorchnoi objected forcefully and made the champion change his eating habits and compelled Zoukhar to shift to the last row in the amphitheatre. But his game slipped.He fled to Manila, returning with two Ananda Margis, convicted with a murder charge and out on bail. Miraculously he recovered and drew level at five games all.In the final 32nd game Korchnoi slipped once again and resigned after 40 moves, leaving for Karpov $350,000 (Rs 28 lakh) in prizes. But the game on the board was unexciting. Said England’s International Master Harry Golembeck: “Its a disgrace to chess.”Show-BizFarrah – another Bardot?If international photographers were asked to pick the face of ’78 it would be a cake-walk for TV star and model Farrah Fawcett-Majors, 31, who has just taken the plunge into moviedom. Farrah was undoubtedly the most widely photographed woman of the year, and, not surprisingly, it was not just her sultry face that adorned the covers of most of the major international magazines.Shields – hottest child prodigyAfter a successful TV career Farrah is all set to become another Bardot with the Sex Goddess-type roles she has been offered by almost all the major Hollywood studios. “I’m a late developer,” said Farrah. Very few people, however, would care to agree with that statement.Exactly 13 years ago, a star was born. Her name-Brooke Shields. Shields had just celebrated her 13th birthday when she hit the headlines for her stunning portrayal of a prepubescent prostitute in Louis Malle’s movie Pretty Baby. Since then, the precocious Shields has starred in Wanda Nevada as an aspiring singer and is currently Holly-wood’s hottest child prodigy since Shirley Temple, though with a slightly different image.Travolta – setting trendsStar quality is difficult to define, difficult that is, till a brash young 24-year-old called John Travolta comes along. He has the movement, the presence, the princely mystique and the charisma that has rocketed him overnight into a superstar like no other. The runaway success of Saturday Night Fever and Grease has spelled out in giant neon lights an evocative message: “The legend starts here.”Nicaragua’s history has been written in blood, but even by Nicaraguan standards, 1978 was a year many of them would like to forget. The savage fighting that erupted in September was a national uprising against the ruthless dictatorship of President Anastasio Somoza, and though the uprising was crushed eventually, it focused world attention on the brutality of Somoza’s regime.It also revealed the chilling truth that Somoza virtually owns Nicaragua-it has been in the Somoza family for 42 years-and the trigger-happy National Guard which crushed the Sandinista rebels, is his army and not Nicaragua’s.ANASTASIO SOMOZA, DEBAYLE PRESIDENT OF NICARAGUAThe rebellion, however, is by no means over. The rebels have regrouped in neighbouring Costa Rica and now claim to have 3,000 well-armed combat troops. The Sandinistas have declared that they will renew their military offensive shortly and chances are that the conflict will spread further this time, with Costa Rica, Panama and Venezuela backing the rebels and El Salvador and Guatemala supporting the Somoza regime.
16Dec Rep. Lucido’s civics test legislation approved by Senate Categories: Lucido News,News LANSING – State Rep. Peter Lucido’s legislation that will require high school students to pass a civics test is heading to the governor’s desk after it was approved by the state Senate on Wednesday.“Knowing who our vice president is or how a bill becomes a law are crucial items to know for everyone in this country, yet we require immigrants to know this and not our students?” said Rep. Lucido, R-Shelby Township. “Young adults need to have a basic understanding of our government and how it operates. This bill will require passing a civics test before graduating, while giving districts the option to pick questions within the test available through the U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS).”House Bill 4136 stipulates passing the test as a condition of the student earning credit in high school civics with the results of the test to not affect the student’s grade point average. The legislation will:Specify that a pupil, beginning in the 2017-18 school year, cannot be awarded credit for completing a high school civics course unless the individual passes a test that includes test questions given to anyone seeking U.S. citizenship by the USCIS.Allow for a local board of education to determine the manner in which to administer a civics test.Require a local school board to permit a pupil to retake a civics test on multiple occasions until earning a passing score.“This is the greatest country in the world and we have to make sure our kids understand what goes into it, from the three branches of government to the Bill of Rights,” said Rep. Lucido. “It’s much more important for students to have a clear understanding of our government than the latest gossip on Kanye West.”